Check the following post for more details about parallel I/O in ROMS. The Unidata documentation says that parallel I/O is only possible with NetCDF-4/HDF5 format type files. This is absolutely the case when creating and writing into a file. However, I found out that ROMS can read the old NetCDF-3 classic format file in parallel. This is because of the way that parallel I/O is implemented in ROMS coarse-grained parallel structure. I still do not know how the NetCDF-4/HDF5 libraries are doing this. In all my tests the reading data is broadcasted correctly to all nodes when reading non-tiled data. In parallel I/O each MPI node in the group read their own tile data.
It is somewhat difficult to support both parallel and serial I/O in ROMS at the same time. It requires a lot of internal checking and duplicate structure for serial and parallel data processing with the appropriate distributed-memory communications.
However, in computers with parallel I/O architecture it maybe problematic or dangerous to read NetCDF-3 classic format files. So it is recommended to convert your input NetCDF-3 classic format files to NetCDF-4/HDF5 format. This is very easy to do with the ncdump and ncgen programs in Unix:
% ncdump4 my_netcdf3.nc | ncgen4 -b -o my_netcdf4.nc
% ncdump3 my_netcdf3.nc | ncgen4 -g -o my_netcdf4.nc
Here, ncdump3 is an alias to the ncdump program available in any of the netcdf-3.x libraries and ncdump4 is an alias for same program in the Netcdf-4/HDF5 library. Similarly, ncgen4 is an alias to the ncgen program available in Netcdf-4/HDF5 library. Recall, that all the NetCDF libraries are backward compatible. The above conversion command may take some time depending on the size of the file. Maybe we need to get a faster coverter. I found a python nc3tonc4 script in a Google search. I not very familiar with python. I pretty much dislike what python does to MPICH2, so I am not a python fan.
There are internal time stamps in the NetCDF-4/HDF5 format type files. Therefore is not longer possible to use the Unix diff command to check if files created with different partitions are indentical. This is a nice trick to check if there are parallel bugs in a particular ROMS application. Recall that you need first to activate the ROMS C-preprocessing option DEBUGGING to avoid writing executable global attributes in output files. However, the HDF5 library has the h5diff for such binary comparison. For example, we can compare:
% h5diff my_his_2x2.nc my_his_1x4.nc
It is very likely that you get the following error message after your run finish:
Code: Select all
ROMS/TOMS: DONE... Sunday - February 8, 2009 - 4:22:33 PM Attempting to use an MPI routine after finalizing MPICH Attempting to use an MPI routine after finalizing MPICH Attempting to use an MPI routine after finalizing MPICH Attempting to use an MPI routine after finalizing MPICH